Lös mask, förklädnad eller rituellt föremål

thinking of

En mask lär vara ett av de äldsta arkeologiska fynd man gjort, en mask och en flöjt. En mask kan vara ett löst föremål, en idol, som användes för avgudadyrkan, eller en förklädnad för att dölja sin egen person att bära framför sitt ansikte eller över huvudet. Mask kan också vara en benämning på sminkning med peruk, skägg eller lösa delar som totalt eller delvis förändrar personen utseende.

orse costume from ‘Parade’, a ballet with music by Erik Satie , designs by Picasso and a one-act scenario by Jean Cocteau. The ballet was composed 1916–1917 for Sergei Diaghilev's Ballets Russes. Choreography by Léonide Massine
Michel Leiris, Dogon masker, Mali, 1934
George Hoyningen-Huené: Three masks designed by Oliver Messel, worn by Lady Mendl (Elsie de Wolfe) and her two escorts to the Flora and Fauna ball given by Comte de Beaumont. Vogue, December 8, 1928
Tony Saulnier, Huvudjägarnas middag, 1966.
Faust, av Jan Svankmajer,1994.
Herbert List, Grotesque Figure, Park of Palazzo Orsini, (aka Park of the Monsters / Parco dei Mostri), Bomarzo, Lazio, Italy, 1952
Umihiko Konishi, Rural City, Japan, 1969
Boys with astronaut costumes and spacehoppers, Glasgow, Christmas 1970
Tibetansk skelettdanskostym, med mask, 1900-talet.
Tibetansk skelettdanskostym, med mask, 1900-talet.
Tibetansk skelettdanskostym, med mask, 1900-talet.
Bal på slottet Noailles omkring 1929, Man Ray.
Franz Fiedler - Portrait and Masks, 1934
Andre Kertesz, lysande huvuden för teatern, ca 1929.
Dada dockor, av Hannah Hoch
Morioris från Chatmanöarna, ca 1860.
Två unga cheyenneindianer i rituell mask/sminkning. Edward S. Curtis, 1910.
Dockor använda för att skapa en känsla av publik till filmen "The Games", Olympia stadion i Rom 1969.
Edward S Curtis, Cowichan maskerade dansare, Couver Island, 1013
Vincenzo Giacomelli, 1880
Erwin Blumenfeld, självporträtt med mask, New York ca 1958.
Angus MacBean, av Peter Smith, 1987.
Masque de maladie, sjukdomsmask
Makonde Lipiko mask
Tallriksmask
Maskeradkostym.
Maskeradkostym.
Maskeradkostym.
Georg Hoyningen Huene, 1932.
Kwakiuti wolf dancer
Suk Kuhn, Chulsoo ungdomar, 2006
Shiva förvandlad till ormen Naga och Ardjuna förvandlad till örnen Garuda i en Wayang-Wong kampdans.
Tre gravväktare vid Astana kyrkogården, China, 1915
Man Ray, 1920-talet.
Therese le Prat, Eleonore Hirt, Minerva i Orestien, 1955
TUTTANKAHMON
HARLEQUIN
Madame Ventis, Pandora
Colombine
Havets kung
Left: Koskimo person Kwakiutl wearing a full body fur garment oversized gloves and mask of Hami dangerous thing during the Numhlim ceremony ca 1891 Right: Hamasilahl Kwakiutl ceremonial dancer
Kwakiutl wearing an oversize mask and hands represent a forest spirit Nuhimkilaka bringer of confusion
Masks worn by doctors during the Plague. The protective suit of the plague doctor consisted of a heavy fabric overcoat that was waxed, a mask with glass eye openings and a cone nose shaped like a beak to hold scented substances and straw
Edward S. Curtis, Cowichanmasked dancer, Vancouver Island, 1913.
Andre Roosevelt, Legongdancer, Bali,1928
Clowns The Clowns, Federico Fellini, 1970
Ursula Mayer, okänd student i en Marcel Breuer stol, 2006
Paul Poiret
reclaim the city
Brassai, Woman with catmask, 1930
Maskerad
Aztek
Nurse and baby in gas-masks - 1940
Weegee
Hanna Höch med dockor, 1920
Hanna höch
Kinesiska pekinoperans masker
Kinesiska pekinoperans masker
Kinesiska pekinoperans masker
Kinesiska pekinoperans masker
Kinesiska pekinoperans masker
Kinesiska pekinoperans masker
Kinesiska pekinoperans masker
Kinesiska pekinoperans masker
Kinesiska pekinoperans masker
Kinesiska pekinoperans masker
Kinesiska pekinoperans masker
Kinesiska pekinoperans masker
Kinesiska pekinoperans masker
Kinesiska pekinoperans masker
Kinesiska pekinoperans masker
Nijinsky som clown i Stravinskys petrouchka
En venetiansk mask
Jacques Henri Lartigue
Countess of Castiglione i 1800talskläder fotograferad av Pierre Louis Pierson
Henri Berssenbrugge - Wy Magito with mask, circa 1926
Joy Goldkind
Saul Steinberg
Winfred Bullinger
Richardo by Robert Doisneau
The artist Saul Steinberg and the photographer Inge Morath engaged in a unique collaboration between 1959 and 1963 by having friends and acquaintances don paper bags and cardboard masks decorated by Steinberg and then posing them for photographs.
The artist Saul Steinberg and the photographer Inge Morath engaged in a unique collaboration between 1959 and 1963 by having friends and acquaintances don paper bags and cardboard masks decorated by Steinberg and then posing them for photographs.
The artist Saul Steinberg and the photographer Inge Morath engaged in a unique collaboration between 1959 and 1963 by having friends and acquaintances don paper bags and cardboard masks decorated by Steinberg and then posing them for photographs.
The artist Saul Steinberg and the photographer Inge Morath engaged in a unique collaboration between 1959 and 1963 by having friends and acquaintances don paper bags and cardboard masks decorated by Steinberg and then posing them for photographs.
The artist Saul Steinberg and the photographer Inge Morath engaged in a unique collaboration between 1959 and 1963 by having friends and acquaintances don paper bags and cardboard masks decorated by Steinberg and then posing them for photographs.
The artist Saul Steinberg and the photographer Inge Morath engaged in a unique collaboration between 1959 and 1963 by having friends and acquaintances don paper bags and cardboard masks decorated by Steinberg and then posing them for photographs.
The artist Saul Steinberg and the photographer Inge Morath engaged in a unique collaboration between 1959 and 1963 by having friends and acquaintances don paper bags and cardboard masks decorated by Steinberg and then posing them for photographs.
The artist Saul Steinberg and the photographer Inge Morath engaged in a unique collaboration between 1959 and 1963 by having friends and acquaintances don paper bags and cardboard masks decorated by Steinberg and then posing them for photographs.
The artist Saul Steinberg and the photographer Inge Morath engaged in a unique collaboration between 1959 and 1963 by having friends and acquaintances don paper bags and cardboard masks decorated by Steinberg and then posing them for photographs.
The artist Saul Steinberg and the photographer Inge Morath engaged in a unique collaboration between 1959 and 1963 by having friends and acquaintances don paper bags and cardboard masks decorated by Steinberg and then posing them for photographs.
The artist Saul Steinberg and the photographer Inge Morath engaged in a unique collaboration between 1959 and 1963 by having friends and acquaintances don paper bags and cardboard masks decorated by Steinberg and then posing them for photographs.
The artist Saul Steinberg and the photographer Inge Morath engaged in a unique collaboration between 1959 and 1963 by having friends and acquaintances don paper bags and cardboard masks decorated by Steinberg and then posing them for photographs.
The artist Saul Steinberg and the photographer Inge Morath engaged in a unique collaboration between 1959 and 1963 by having friends and acquaintances don paper bags and cardboard masks decorated by Steinberg and then posing them for photographs.
The artist Saul Steinberg and the photographer Inge Morath engaged in a unique collaboration between 1959 and 1963 by having friends and acquaintances don paper bags and cardboard masks decorated by Steinberg and then posing them for photographs.
The artist Saul Steinberg and the photographer Inge Morath engaged in a unique collaboration between 1959 and 1963 by having friends and acquaintances don paper bags and cardboard masks decorated by Steinberg and then posing them for photographs.
The artist Saul Steinberg and the photographer Inge Morath engaged in a unique collaboration between 1959 and 1963 by having friends and acquaintances don paper bags and cardboard masks decorated by Steinberg and then posing them for photographs.
The artist Saul Steinberg and the photographer Inge Morath engaged in a unique collaboration between 1959 and 1963 by having friends and acquaintances don paper bags and cardboard masks decorated by Steinberg and then posing them for photographs.
The artist Saul Steinberg and the photographer Inge Morath engaged in a unique collaboration between 1959 and 1963 by having friends and acquaintances don paper bags and cardboard masks decorated by Steinberg and then posing them for photographs.
The artist Saul Steinberg and the photographer Inge Morath engaged in a unique collaboration between 1959 and 1963 by having friends and acquaintances don paper bags and cardboard masks decorated by Steinberg and then posing them for photographs.
The artist Saul Steinberg and the photographer Inge Morath engaged in a unique collaboration between 1959 and 1963 by having friends and acquaintances don paper bags and cardboard masks decorated by Steinberg and then posing them for photographs.
The artist Saul Steinberg and the photographer Inge Morath engaged in a unique collaboration between 1959 and 1963 by having friends and acquaintances don paper bags and cardboard masks decorated by Steinberg and then posing them for photographs.
The artist Saul Steinberg and the photographer Inge Morath engaged in a unique collaboration between 1959 and 1963 by having friends and acquaintances don paper bags and cardboard masks decorated by Steinberg and then posing them for photographs.
The artist Saul Steinberg and the photographer Inge Morath engaged in a unique collaboration between 1959 and 1963 by having friends and acquaintances don paper bags and cardboard masks decorated by Steinberg and then posing them for photographs.
The artist Saul Steinberg and the photographer Inge Morath engaged in a unique collaboration between 1959 and 1963 by having friends and acquaintances don paper bags and cardboard masks decorated by Steinberg and then posing them for photographs.
The artist Saul Steinberg and the photographer Inge Morath engaged in a unique collaboration between 1959 and 1963 by having friends and acquaintances don paper bags and cardboard masks decorated by Steinberg and then posing them for photographs.
The artist Saul Steinberg and the photographer Inge Morath engaged in a unique collaboration between 1959 and 1963 by having friends and acquaintances don paper bags and cardboard masks decorated by Steinberg and then posing them for photographs.
The artist Saul Steinberg and the photographer Inge Morath engaged in a unique collaboration between 1959 and 1963 by having friends and acquaintances don paper bags and cardboard masks decorated by Steinberg and then posing them for photographs.
The artist Saul Steinberg and the photographer Inge Morath engaged in a unique collaboration between 1959 and 1963 by having friends and acquaintances don paper bags and cardboard masks decorated by Steinberg and then posing them for photographs.
The artist Saul Steinberg and the photographer Inge Morath engaged in a unique collaboration between 1959 and 1963 by having friends and acquaintances don paper bags and cardboard masks decorated by Steinberg and then posing them for photographs.
The artist Saul Steinberg and the photographer Inge Morath engaged in a unique collaboration between 1959 and 1963 by having friends and acquaintances don paper bags and cardboard masks decorated by Steinberg and then posing them for photographs.
The artist Saul Steinberg and the photographer Inge Morath engaged in a unique collaboration between 1959 and 1963 by having friends and acquaintances don paper bags and cardboard masks decorated by Steinberg and then posing them for photographs.
The artist Saul Steinberg and the photographer Inge Morath engaged in a unique collaboration between 1959 and 1963 by having friends and acquaintances don paper bags and cardboard masks decorated by Steinberg and then posing them for photographs.
The artist Saul Steinberg and the photographer Inge Morath engaged in a unique collaboration between 1959 and 1963 by having friends and acquaintances don paper bags and cardboard masks decorated by Steinberg and then posing them for photographs.
The artist Saul Steinberg and the photographer Inge Morath engaged in a unique collaboration between 1959 and 1963 by having friends and acquaintances don paper bags and cardboard masks decorated by Steinberg and then posing them for photographs.
Paul Klee
Red candles, shadow-puppets, Paul Bongers & Annelise Stock, 1049
Kansaio Yamamotoo, Vogue, photographer, Clive Arrowsmith, 1971
Hästmask och vanlig vit mask
Birgitte Helm kyler ner sig i en paus på Metropolis 1927
Udda masker
Paul Klee
Steve Barretts 3dao mask computerrenderedmasqu from 2010
Nohmask, från Japan signerad Nobuyuki
No maske från Dojimuséet i Rietberg
Higakionna
orse costume from ‘Parade’, a ballet with music by Erik Satie , designs by Picasso and a one-act scenario by Jean Cocteau. The ballet was composed 1916–1917 for Sergei Diaghilev's Ballets Russes. Choreography by Léonide Massine
Description

cyraulf
Ulf Eklund som deltagare i ett resande teatersällskap i Cyrano de Bergerac, Stockholms Stadsteater 1987. Mask Eva Lindgren.

commdance

Teatermasker användes framförallt i Commedia dell´arten, där en ensemble kunde spela efter ett manus eller improvisera, men figurerna var fasta. Commedia dellártens grundfigurer var Arlecchino, de förälskade, Il dottore, Zanni,  Pierrot, Scapin, Pantalone, Pulcinella, Brighella m.fl. Commedian är att likna vid den tidens seriefigurer där de fasta rollerna deltar i olika äventyr precis som Björnligan, Alexander Lukas, Tjatte, Fnatte och Knatte i Kalle Ankatidningarna. I Nationalmuséets grafiksamling finns stora delar av den sk Fossardsamlingen med bilder på Commedians figurer i olika kända scener.  Helan och Halvan, Buster Keaton m.fl har inspirerats av komiken i commedian, men ur commedian har inte bara komedier utan även dramer hämtat inspiration. Giacomo Oreglia har skrivit många böcker om Commedia dell´Arten.

Tillvägagångsätten för att göra en lös mask är många, men många sätt förutsätter ett avtryck av personen som ska bära masken, ett gipsavtryck, för att masken ska passa vid ögonen och munnen. Masken kan sedan tillverkas i papier maché, läder, päls eller tåkappsväv beroende på vilken funktion den ska ha. Kolla hur man gör en egen mask, med början i photoshop. Klicka här

Här ser vi konstnären Ganbat Logiras i färd med att lära ut sin metod att göra en massa av tidningspapper och potatismjöl som går att trycka in i en negativform, forma, torka till och sedan låta torka ordentligt utanför formen. Ganbat har förfärdigat gigantiska Buddhaskulpturer på detta sätt hemmma i Mongoliet.

Maskmakare1
Maskmakaren Ganbat Logiras kavlar ut degen av kokat papper och potatismjöl. Som demonstrationsobjekt har han halverat en negativ form av ett ansikte.
Maskmakare3
Degen måste ha rätt konsistens, liknande pajdeg. Pappret har stått i blöt i c.a 1 dygn, grovt rivet. pappret kramas ur och kokas i cirka 10 minuter då potatismjölet tillsätts under hög värme. Massan blandas ordentligt i det heta kärlet, för att sedan tas ut och blandas med ytterligare ett material, kalk, sågspån eller något som kan ge massan en fastare form. Degen trycks fast i formen, som ett pajskal i en bakform.
Maskmakare2

Mejan 021
När massan torkat till lite kan man lossa från formen så att luft kan komma emellan ”pajskalet” och formen.
Det positiva avtrycket får sedan torka i luften, lätt vilande i sin form.






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